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Joint Open Letter to the Dutch Foreign Minister regarding the Israeli-Dutch Cooperation Forum
Ref.: 128/2013
18، Jul 2013
His Excellency Mr. Frans Timmermans
Minister of Foreign Affairs
Postbus 20061
2500 EB The Hague
Kingdom of the Netherlands

Cc: Her Excellency Mrs. Lilianne Ploumen
Minister for Foreign Trade and Development Cooperation
Kingdom of the Netherlands

Joint Open Letter to the Dutch Foreign Minister regarding the Israeli-Dutch Cooperation Forum


 Your Excellency,

european_union2On 17 June 2013, the Netherlands and Israel issued a Joint Declaration announcing that preparations for the establishment of the bilateral Dutch-Israeli Cooperation Forum (the Forum) are to begin. As members of the Palestinian Human Rights Organisations Council (PHROC) we conveyed our concerns regarding previous discussions on the establishment of the Forum (previously known as the Cooperation Council) in a letter addressed to the Dutch Prime Minister on 4 June 2012. Specifically, we highlighted that the establishment of the Forum signifies an intensification of bilateral relations between the two parties at hand, thus effectively undermining the European Union’s decision to freeze its upgrade of relations with Israel until it can be based on “respect for human rights, the rule of law and fundamental freedoms, good governance and international humanitarian law”. Moreover, the decision to establish the Forum ignores both Israeli ongoing violations of international law as well as the Netherlands’ obligation to ensure that Israel complies with the Geneva Conventions.

As the Forum is nevertheless regretfully in the process of being established we also take this opportunity to bring to your attention concerns regarding the areas of cooperation envisioned between Israel and the Netherlands. According to the Israeli and Dutch Joint Declaration, the Forum will focus on innovation in the area of water management/technology.

At present, Israel has, through a number of considerable military and political efforts including the establishment of settlements, integrated the water system of the Occupied Palestinian Territory (OPT) into the Israeli system. As such, Israel illegally exerts exclusive control, de facto sovereignty, over Palestinian water resources. Throughout the occupation, Israel has maintained its control over Palestinian water by, inter alia, the discriminatory allocation of water for the benefit of Jewish citizens of Israel and Israeli settlers in the OPT, and the destruction of Palestinian water infrastructure and denial of permits for its construction, development or maintenance. Israel’s asymmetrical allocation of water is reflected in the drastically unequal per capita consumption of water by Israelis and Palestinians; in the West Bank, 500.000 Israeli settlers consume approximately six times more water than 2.6 million Palestinians. Similarly, Israelis living in Israel consume around 300 litres of water per capita per day (lpcd), while Palestinians in the West Bank consume at an average of 73 lpcd. ‘Mekorot’, an Israeli national water company and largest single supplier of water in the West Bank, ensures that Israelis have access to copious amounts of water by extracting from Palestinian water resources and diverting its flow into settlements and Israel.

In terms of water infrastructure, as of September 2011, some 313.000 Palestinians across 113 communities in the West Bank were not connected to a water network and considered at high risk of water scarcity. In stark contrast, all Israeli settlements are connected to a water network. In the same vein, Israel prevents the construction and maintenance of water infrastructure in 59 per cent of the West Bank. This is achieved by imposing a permit regime on Palestinians seeking to build water infrastructure. Water infrastructure constructed by Palestinians without a permit, which is virtually impossible to obtain, risk demolition. Israeli settlers are not required, however, to obtain a permit.

In the Gaza Strip, where 90-95 per cent of the accessible water is considered unfit for human consumption, Israel destroys the existing water infrastructure during its military operations. During the Israeli offensive in 2008-09, Al Mezan, reported the destruction of some 919 water wells, 229 irrigation pools and 243 water pumps. Through its regime of military closure imposed on the Gaza Strip since 2007, Israel is also hindering the rehabilitation of such water infrastructure.

Of particular relevance to the Netherlands is Israel’s destruction of Dutch-funded humanitarian projects. Most recently, on 16 May 2013, Israeli bulldozers destroyed a Dutch-funded water cistern used to store rainwater and irrigate land belonging to Mr. Ayham Daria in Aqraba village in Nablus Governorate. Israel also destroyed Dutch-funded wells and cisterns in 2012. Thus far, to our knowledge, Israel has neither compensated the Dutch Government for the destruction of its project nor provided official reassurances that other projects will not be demolished in the future.

As an Occupying Power sharing a considerable portion of the region’s water resources with the Palestinians, Israel has an obligation to manage them in accordance with international law, including international humanitarian, human rights and water laws. In particular, it must be emphasised that Israel does not acquire sovereign rights over Palestinian resources such as water during occupation. Indeed, the Palestinian people retain their right to freely dispose of their natural wealth and resources in accordance with their interests of national development and well-being during belligerent occupation. Israel’s illegal exercise of sovereignty over Palestinian natural resources for the benefit of Israelis and the Israeli economy demonstrates the existence of a governmental policy aimed at dispossessing the Palestinian population of their resources and forcing Palestinians from their land. Forcible transfer of the occupied people constitutes a grave breach of the Fourth Geneva Convention. Finally, by promoting unequal and discriminatory access to water, Israel is violating the universal human right to water.

Contrary to popular belief, water is thus not scarce in the region. Rather, access to water in the region is wholly dependent on Israel. As Palestinian human rights organisations, we thereby request the Dutch Government and the Forum to:

  • Ensure that any cooperation with Israel and Israeli corporations, including on water initiatives, be contingent on Israel’s compliance with international law, including Palestinian right to water and self-determination;
  • Ensure that Dutch corporations involved in or suspected of being involved in violations of international law in the OPT, especially as a result of bilateral relations between Israel and the Netherlands, withdraw their activities. In the same vein, we also request that the Dutch government prevents, discourages and raises awareness about corporate complicity in international law violations in the OPT;
  • Ensure that appropriate safeguard clauses or mechanisms are included in Dutch-Israeli cooperation instruments in order to guarantee that the Netherlands only carries out activities with Israeli entities with headquarters, branches and subsidiaries registered and established in Israel, and conducting activities in Israel proper;
  • Demand that Israel lifts all physical and administrative restrictions on access to and use of all shared water resources and guarantee Palestinians the exercise of their sovereign rights, including permanent sovereignty over natural resources such as water;
  • Demand that Israel immediately ceases the unlawful appropriation and exploitation of Palestinian water resources, as well as confiscation, demolitions and destruction of Palestinian water infrastructure;
  • Hold Israel accountable for the demolition of water infrastructure projects, including through demanding compensation from Israeli authorities;
  • Ensure that any state cooperation on innovation of water does not negatively impact, maintain, or otherwise contribute to the current Israeli policy of depriving Palestinians of their natural resources and rights.

We look forward to receiving your government’s reassurances of the above and further information detailing the extent of cooperation between the parties.

For further information regarding Israeli water management and exploitation, please find enclosed Al-Haq’s report, Water for One people Only, Discriminatory Access and ‘Water-Apartheid’ in the OPT.


Yours Sincerely,

The Palestinian Human Rights Organisations Council


Adameer Addameer Prisoners’ Support and Human Rights Association
Sahar Francis
General Director

Aldameer Association for Human Rights
Khalil Abu Shammala
General Director


Shawan Jabarin
General Director

Mezan Al Mezan Center for Human Rights
Issam Younis
General Director

Badil Resource Center for Palestinian Residency and Refugee Rights
Najwa Darwish
General Director


Defence for Children International
Palestine Section
Rifat Kassis
General Director


Ensan Center for Human Rights and Democracy
Shawqi Issa
General Director


Hurryyat - Centre for Defense of Liberties and Civil Rights
Helmi Al-araj
General Director


Jerusalem Center for Legal Aid and Human Rights
Issam Aruri
General Director


Ramallah Center for Human Rights Studies
Iyad Barghouti
General Director


Women’s Centre for Legal Aid and Counselling
Maha Abu Dayyeh
General Director