Notably Israel’s annexation of Jerusalem violates Article 2(4) of the Charter of the United Nations and numerous United Nations (UN) General Assembly and Security Council resolutions which require that Jerusalem be considered separately as a corpus separatum and that any action to alter the status of Jerusalem is null and void. The most recent General Assembly resolution on Jerusalem “affirms that any decisions and actions which purport to have altered the character, status or demographic composition of the Holy City of Jerusalem have no legal effect, are null and void and must be rescinded in compliance with relevant resolutions of the Security Council.” Accordingly, the annexation of Jerusalem represents a violation of Israel’s duties as belligerent occupant in marked disregard of Article 47 of the Fourth Geneva Convention which prohibits annexation and protects the occupied population against “any annexation by the [Occupying Power] of the whole or part of the occupied territory”.
Israeli Settlers and IOF Storm Al-Aqsa Compound
On Sunday 13 May at approximately at 11:00 am, Al-Haq documented more than30 Israeli settlers – surroundedand under the protection of the IOF – stormed Al-Aqsa compound in the Old City of Jerusalem in the OPT. Tens of members of the IOF stormed and escorted far right extremist Israeli settlers into Al-Aqsa compound in a provocative measure to demonstrate and display effective control over the compound.
Israeli settler youth gather in the Old City
At approximately 1:30 pm, Al-Haq recorded large crowds of Israeli settler youth gathering for ‘Jerusalem Day’ in the Old City. Between 13:30 and 14:30 Al-Haq documented an increasedpresence of Israeli settler youth transferred into the Old City, in a clear manner to display dominance and control over the occupied territory. The youth, paraded throughout the Old City in Palestine, chanting slogans provocatively at Palestinians in the city.
The IOF Quashes Assembly at Damascus Gate
At approximately 4:00 pm, on 13 May 2018, tens of Israeli forces, forcibly cleared all the surrounding areas near Damascus Gate, to facilitate the march of settlersinto the Old City through Damascus Gate. On the steps of Damascus Gate, Israeli forces surrounded mostly tourists and Palestinian residents sitting on the steps of Damascus Gate and flung them forcibly up the steps to clear the area. Al-Haq documented incidents where Israeli forcesused physical force and manhandled people to clear Damascus Gate.
Across the street from Damascus Gate, Israeli forces violently grabbed, pushed and shoved Palestinians and tourists, who were sitting and eating in the cafes, knocking over tables and chairs where the patrons had been sitting. Al-Haq documented incidents where patrons were forcibly grabbed and hauled off their chairs and pushed out of the seating area by the Israeli forces, in order to create a wide perimeter around the settler youth, so they could march unimpeded, throughout the Old City. Al-Haq recorded an incident where Israeli forces aggressively pushed a blind woman off the bench she was sitting on near Damascus Gate. A number of Israeli forces surrounded the woman and her helper, continuing to push them, as she stumbled across the path.
 United Nations, ‘General Assembly Overwhelmingly Adopts Resolution Asking Nations Not to Locate Diplomatic Missions in Jerusalem’ (21 December 2017), available at: https://www.un.org/press/en/2017/ga11995.doc.htm