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Joint Open Letter to the UN Secretary General UN Panel of Inquiry Report on the Gaza Flotilla Incident Overly Flawed
Ref.: 283/2011
14، Sept 2011

UNDear Mr. Ban Ki-moon,

As Palestinian human rights NGOs dedicated to the promotion and protection of human rights in the Occupied Palestinian Territory (OPT), we, the undersigned organizations, are gravely concerned about the severe failure of the Report of the UN Panel of Inquiry on the 31 May 2010 Flotilla Incident to adequately examine the overall questions related to the context in the Gaza Strip and the applicable legal framework therein.

To begin with, the Panel of Inquiry was woefully ill-equipped to render an authorative opinion and its approach and methodology were deeply flawed. In addition, the Report’s findings clearly overstep the Panel’s mandate - limited to the consideration and recommendation of ways to avoid similar incidents in the future, and are utterly inconsistent with other UN reports. Although the Panel states that it was not required to make determinations of the legal issues or  adjudicate on liability, the Report did make a legal determination of the status of the Gaza Strip that dismissively disregards UN Security Council Resolution 1860 (2009), which reiterates that the Gaza Strip is an occupied territory.

Moreover, the Report finds that Israel did not have the intention to either starve or punish the civilian population. This assertion directly contradicts the more authoritative findings of the UN Fact-Finding Mission on the Gaza Conflict and the UN Human Rights Council International Fact-Finding Mission to investigate the flotilla incident - and also those of the International Committee of the Red Cross, amongst others - that the comprehensive closure regime imposed on the Gaza Strip is in contravention of international law and amounts to collective punishment.

These reports confirm that the naval blockade is one of the elements implemented in support of Israel’s overall closure regime, which has a disproportionate impact on the human rights of civilians, and that its legality must be analysed in this context. The Report’s finding in this respect is particularly problematic since the Panel of Inquiry failed to take in due consideration the factual basis for its conclusions. Significantly, on 13 September a group of UN independent experts, amongst them the Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights on the OPT Professor Richard Falk, publicly criticised the Report along these lines.

The overall omission of the broader context of the Gaza Strip in the Report’s analysis discredits the Panel’s conclusions on the specific issues concerning the naval blockade and the Flotilla incident. Furthermore, given the Report’s contradiction to UN fact-finding missions’ earlier findings, its endorsement would effectively impact the credibility of the UN system and represent a failure to uphold international law, while supporting the Report’s misinterpretation of fundamental legal principles. We, therefore, call upon you to seek authorisation from the UN General Assembly in order to request an advisory opinion of the International Court of Justice on the legality of the naval blockade as part and parcel of the comprehensive closure regime imposed by Israel on the Gaza Strip.

Yours Sincerely,
The Palestinian Council of Human Rights Organisations

Sahar Francis
General Director
Addameer Prisoner Support and 
Human Rights Association
 Shawqi Issa 
 General Director
 Ensan Center for Human Rights and
 Khalil Abu Shammala 
General Director 
Al-Dameer Association for Human  Rights
 Issam Aruri
 General Director
 Jerusalem Center for Legal Aid and Human Rights
Shawan Jabarin
General Director
 Iyad Barghouti
General Director
Ramallah Center for Human Rights Studies
 Issam Younis  
General Director 
Al Mezan Center for Human Rights 
 Maha Abu Dayieh
 General Director 
Women’s Centre for Legal Aid and Counselling
 Rifat Kassis      
General Director      
Defence for Children International -  
Palestine Section