The humanitarian crisis has been further aggravated by three Israeli military assaults against the Gaza Strip. During the 2014 Israeli offensive, much of Gaza’s infrastructure was destroyed including water, electricity, and sewage. Israel has continued to prevent the entry of building materials and machinery into the Gaza Strip, making efforts to completely rebuild from all three military assaults slow and costly. Today, Israel’s full closure regime represents a brutal act of collective punishment against Palestinians in violation of international law. This has directly impacted the economy and the provision of electricity, water, and sanitation, while destroying key sources of employment such as agriculture in the buffer zone and fishing in the maritime zone at sea. In addition, the closure system of exit travel permits has directly impacted access to healthcare resulting in violations of the rights to health and life.