Categories starting with P

Items starting with P

Preventing the Development of Palestinian Natural Gas Resources in the Mediterranean Sea

In November 1999, a consortium comprised of Consolidated Contractors Limited (CCC), the British Gas Group (BG) and the Palestine Investment Fund (PIF) concluded an agreement with the former President of the Palestinian Liberation Organisation, Yasser Arafat for the development and commercialization of the Gaza Marine fields. The Gaza Marine is located 36 kilometers west of Gaza City in the Mediterranean Sea, 603 meters below sea level, within the contiguous zone attached to Palestinian territorial waters. In 1999, the Palestinian Authority granted a twenty-five year exploration license with 90 percent equity to British Gas. After receiving security clearance from Israeli Prime Minister Ehud Barak in 2000, BG drilled two wells in the Gaza Marine finding reserves estimated at 1.4 trillion cubic feet (tfc).

Plight of Palestinian Bedouin depicts impact of illegal Israeli occupation and practices in Palestinian Territory

The Bedouin were from the Jahalin tribe. They originally made their home in the Negev, where they lived their nomadic life in tents, raising their goats and occasionally occupying themselves with seasonal agriculture. In 1950 the Israeli army pushed them out and they re-established themselves at the edge of the wilderness, just by Jerusalem, on land belonging to the Arab tribe of Abu Dees. They continued living in their tents, moving eastward in Winter to a warmer region, where they stayed until early spring, leaving only after their goats had given birth and the young had grown big enough to move on. But when in 1976 a handful of Israeli settlers founded the new settlement of Maaleh Adumin, the Jahalin had to be evicted again. They put up a protracted struggle to hold on to the land where they had been living for over two decades. The case went to the Israeli High Court, which, as usual, after taking its time, produced a long carefully drafted impressive decision that favoured the state.

Pillage of the Dead Sea: Israel’s Unlawful Exploitation of Natural Resources in the Occupied Palestinian Territory

The Dead Sea area is the lowest point on Earth and the world’s saltiest body of water. It is renowned for its distinctive geographical, mineral and climatic features and is rich in natural resources. The wide variety of minerals present in the area permits the development of profitable cosmetic industries and raw materials, such as silt, sand, gravel and mud, are regularly extracted for these purposes.

Plunder, Destruction and Despoliation: An Analysis of Israel's Violations of the International Law of Cultural Property in the Occupied West Bank and

This report addresses Israel's systematic violation of international law pertaining to the protection of cultural property during armed conflict. It attempts to provide a comprehensive legal analysis of Israel's policies concerning cultural property in the Occupied Palestinian Territories (OPT). Consideration is given to the relevant provisions of international law on the protection of cultural property; how these standards have been applied in the OPT; Israeli law regarding the protection of cultural property; patterns that have been seen in the OPT; and the obligations of Israel and third-party states regarding these ongoing violations.

Planning In Whose Interest? Land Use Planning as a Strategy for Judaization

The growing disparities in the living standards between Israeli settlers and Palestinians in the West Bank reflect official Israeli efforts to better the situation of the settlers and to marginalize the Palestinians. This report shows how such divisions are created through the expansion of settlements and by amending the pre-existing Jordanian law via a land planning structure of bureacratic nature. With a case study in land use planning, this Al-Haq occasional paper assesses the legal overtones of such policies on the citizens of the Occupied Palestinian Territories.

Provocation to Kill: The Use of Force as a Response to Provoked Stone-Throwing

This case study examines the events of 24 April 2003, as well as preceding incidents during which the Israeli military utilized lethal force against Palestinian stone-throwers in the village of Qarawa. With several affidavidts given by eye-witnesses, the report provides detailed accounts of the shootings and killings of the Palestinian villagers by the occupying army. The report also includes legal analysis based on international law applicable to a belligerent occupying force, and calls for both Israel and the international community to fulfill their legal obligations.

Palestinian Victims Of Torture Speak Out: Thirteen Accounts of Torture During Interrogation in Israeli Prisons

This report addresses the use of torture in Israeli prisons. It addresses the methods of torture utilised by Israeli officials, Israeli policies and relevant provisions of international law. In this case study, 13 Palestinians describe the torture they endured as detainees.

Protection Denied: Continuing Israeli Human Rights Violations in the Occupied Palestinian Territories 1990

This report updates the status of Palestinian human rights in the Occupied Palestinian Territories in the context of Israeli policies. It covers such issues as use of force, settler violence, restrictions on economic development, land use and planning, taxation, movement restrictions, labour rights, women's rights, family reunification, medical care, education, and religion. The document considers both Israeli obligations as well as those of third-party states. As long as Israel is permitted to persist in its disregard of international law, Palestinians will be denied the protection to which they are entitled by law. 

Perpetual Emergency: A Legal Analysis of Israel's Use of the British Defence (Emergency) Regulations 1945, in the Occupied Territories

This paper examines Israel's use of the Defence (Emergency) Regulations in the Occupied Territories in the context of their status under international law. These regulations, first introduced to Palestine by the British Mandatory Government in 1945, grant the authorities almost unrestricted powers of administrative punishment and have been the subject of much legal controversy since 1967. The arguments for and against their validity, as well as the legality of various practices they sanction, are considered, and relevant appendices included.

Punishing a Nation: Human Rights Violations During the Palestinian Uprising, December 1987-1988

Al-Haq's first annual report details the range of violations of international law faced by Palestinians throughout the Occupied Palestinian Territories. Issues addressed include the use of force against Palestinians, obstruction of medical treatment, settlements and settler violence, and the administration of justice.

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