Main Menu
ع
Full Report: Al-Haq Report on Killings in 2019
05، Apr 2020

1. Introduction

 

Israel’s unlawful policies and practices against Palestinians continued throughout 2019, including impunity for violations of international humanitarian law and international human rights law, for wilful killing. In 2019, 137 Palestinians, including 28 children, were killed due to Israel’s discriminatory, institutional and systematic policies and practices, which aim to repress and control the Palestinian population, through inter alia, unnecessary, disproportionate and excessive use of force and the lack of effective accountability and protection from settler violence. Further, four Palestinian political prisoners died due to Israel’s policy of medical neglect.

Of the 137 Palestinians who were killed in 2019, two were Palestinian civilians who were killed by Israeli settlers, and the remaining 135 Palestinians were killed by the Israeli Occupying Forces (IOF). In at least two cases, the IOF hampered Palestinian attempts to evacuate the wounded before they died, in violation of international law standards.

In 2019, a total of 35 Palestinians were killed in the context of the Great Return March (GRM) protests. Of these, 20 Palestinians were killed after the Report of the United Nations Commission of Inquiry on the 2018 protests in the Occupied Palestinian Territory (OPT) had been released on 22 March 2019. Further, Israel launched two military offensives on the Gaza Strip in 2019, killing 25 Palestinians in the first offensive, which took place from 3 May 2019 until 5 May 2019, and 34 Palestinians in the second, which also lasted three days from 12 November 2019 until 14 November 2019.

Notably, 112 of the killed Palestinians in 2019 sustained wounds in the upper part of the body or sustained multiple injuries, including in the upper part of the body, signifying Israel’s shoot to kill policy, while eight Palestinians died under the rubble of destroyed buildings. Further, Israel withheld the bodies of an additional 20 Palestinians in 2019, as it continued to withhold the bodies of 52 Palestinians since October 2015 until the end of 2019.

The following report contains a chart, which explains the details and circumstances of the killing of 137 Palestinians and the death of four Palestinian political prisoners in 2019, and a legal analysis section, providing a legal insight into a number of Israel’s unlawful practices.

 

 

 

 

 

2. Details of the Killings

 

Name

Age

Circumstance of death

Amal Mustafa Al-Turmasi

44

On 11 January 2019, at approximately 3:50 pm, Amal was shot by the Israeli Occupation Forces (IOF) in the head, while participating in the Great Return March (GRM) in Al-Awda camp, east of Gaza City. Amal was located about 200 meters from the fence, and posed no immediate threat to the IOF.

Abdul Raouf Ismail Salha

13

On 11 January 2019, at approximately 4:00 pm, Abdul Raouf was hit by the IOF with a tear gas canister in the head, while participating in the GRM in Al-Awda camp, in Abu Safiyyah, east of town Jabaliya, in the northern Gaza Strip. Abdul Raouf was accompanied by a number of children and youths standing approximately 200 meters from the fence. On 14 January 2019, at approximately 5:00 am, Abdul Raouf was pronounced dead due to his lethal injury.

Anwar Mohammad Qudaih

33

On 19 October 2018, at approximately 3:40 pm, the IOF shot Anwar with a live bullet in the neck while he was participating in the GRM. The IOF were stationed behind sand barricades inside the fence. At the time he was shot, he was about 150-200 meters away from the fence. Due to his critical injury, he was transferred to Al-Makassed Hospital in occupied East Jerusalem until he was announced dead on Sunday 13 January 2019 at around 2:00 pm.

Mohammad Fawzi Adawi

36

On 21 January 2019, Mohammad was shot by the IOF while passing with his car through Huwwara military checkpoint. The IOF claimed that he attempted to attack one of the soldiers while they were examining his identity card. After he was shot, the IOF prevented an ambulance of the Palestinian Red Crescent Society, which was coming from Nablus, from retrieving the victim. Mohammad was left for almost an hour without providing him with the needed medical care, until he bled to death. 

Mahmoud Abdul Nabahin

24

On 22 January 2019, at approximately 4:50 pm, shortly after the IOF targeted a Palestinian resistance monitoring site with an artillery shell, Mahmoud was killed due to his lethal injuries in his upper part of the body caused by shrapnel. The targeted site was located about 300 meters from the fence east of al-Bureij refugee camp, in the central Gaza Strip. Four other Palestinians were injured as they were located inside the targeted site.

Ayman Ahmad Hamed

17

On 25 January 2019, Ayman was killed by the IOF near the village of 'Ein Yabroud, in the Ramallah and al-Bireh Governorate in the central West Bank, while he was hanging out with his friends.

Ihab Atallah Abed

24

On 25 January 2019, at approximately 4:45 pm, Ihab was shot by the IOF with a live bullet in the chest, while participating in the GRM east of Al-Shawka village, east of Rafah city. At the time of the shooting, Ihab was approximately 50 meters away from the fence and the IOF were stationed behind sand barricades inside the fence.

Riyad Mohammad Shamasneh

38

On 26 January 2019, Riyad was shot and killed by the IOF while he was driving a car in occupied East Jerusalem.

Hamdi Talib Naasan

38

On 26 January 2019, Hamdi was shot and killed by Israeli settlers. At the time he was shot, he, along with dozens of young Palestinians, were trying to resist the settler and IOF incursion of al-Mghayyer village, northeast of Ramallah. Hamdi was married and a father of four children.

Samir Ghazi Al-Nabahin

47

On 18 January 2019, at approximately 2:45 pm, Samir was hit by a gas canister in the face while participating in the GRM east of al-Bureij refugee camp. At the time he was shot, Samir was standing approximately 150 meters away from the fence, as the IOF were stationed behind sand barricades inside the fence. Due to his injury, Samir was in a coma until 29 January 2019, when he was announced dead.

Samah Zuhair Mubarak

16

On 30 January 2019, Samah was shot and killed by the IOF at Al-Zaeem checkpoint. The IOF claimed that Samah was trying to carry out a stabbing attack against the Israeli soldiers.

Ahmad Ghazi Abu Jabal

29

In late January 2019, Ahmad was shot by the IOF whilst participating in the GRM in Al-Awda camp, west of Beit Lahia. On 3 February 2020, Ahmad was pronounced dead, due to his lethal injury.

Abdallah Faisal Abu Talib

20

On 4 February 2019, Abdallah was shot and killed by the IOF near the entrance of his village al-Jalama, in Jenin Governorate. At the time he was shot, the IOF were stationed inside a plastic house, and they shot Abduallah and his friend while they were driving a motorcycle towards the town, killing Abdallah and injuring his friend. The Israeli authorities held Abdallah’s body for about half an hour before handing it over to his family.

Hamza Mohammad Shtaiwi

17

Hamza was lethally injured due to a targeted shot by the IOF in the neck. At the time he was shot, Hamza was participating in the GRM east of Gaza City, and was sitting approximately 200 meters away from the fence.

Hasan Iyad Shalabi

14

On 8 February 2019, Hasan was shot with a live bullet in the chest by the IOF, while participating in the GRM east of Khuza’a. At the time he was shot, Hasan was standing approximately 150-200 meters away from the fence.

Hasan Nabil Nofal

16

Hasan is a resident of Al-Nuseirat refugee camp, in the Central Governorate, in the occupied Gaza Strip. On 12 February 2019, Hasan was announced dead due to his injury caused by a gas canister targeted at his head while participating in the GRM east of al-Bureij refugee camp a few days before. At the time he was shot, he was about 100-150 away meters from the fence.

Yousef Saeed Al-Dayeh

14

On 22 February 2019, Yousef was lethally injured as he was shot by the IOF in the chest while participating in the GRM east of Gaza City. At the time he was shot, he was approximately 30 meters away from the fence.

Amir Mahmoud Darraj and Youssef Raed Angawi

22 and 20 years old respectively

On 4 March 2019, Amir Mahmoud Daraj, a resident of Kharbatha al-Misbah village in western Ramallah, and Yousef Raed Anqawi, a resident of Beit Sira village in western Ramallah, were shot and killed by the IOF. At approximately 4:00 am, Amir and Youssef's car collided with an Israeli military vehicle during a raid into Kufr Ni'ma village. Immediately after the collision, the sound of one bullet was heard being fired. Almost four minutes later, another six rounds were heard being fired. The IOF claimed that the young men "deliberately" rammed into the Israeli military vehicle. The IOF killed two passengers and arrested another, who, at the time of reporting, continues to be detained.

Saif Al-Din Imad Abu Zaid

15

On 6 March 2019, Saif was participating in the night confusion activities in the area of Malkeh, east of the Zaytoun neighbourhood, east of Gaza city. At approximately 9:20 pm, Saif was shot by the IOF in the head. At the time he was shot, he was approximately 300 meters away from the fence, and holding a portrait of 14-year old Yousef Al-Daya who was killed two weeks earlier by the IOF. Fellow protestors carried him to an ambulance, which arrived 15 minutes later at Al-Shifa Hospital. On 7 March 2019, at approximately 12:40 am, he was pronounced dead

Tamer Khaled Arafat

22

On 8 March 2019, at approximately 5:25 pm, Tamer was hit in the head with a live bullet fired by the IOF as he was standing 50 meters from the fence. At the time he was shot, he was standing and watching the demonstrations among tens of other protestors by the Red Tower, situated to the east of the village Al-Shawka, east of Rafah near Al-Moudah camp. Israeli soldiers standing behind sand barricades, along with two Israeli military jeeps responded by firing live ammunition and tear gas canisters at the protestors, causing injuries and suffocating the gathered Palestinians there, one of whom was Tamer Khaled Arafat. Paramedics immediately came to his rescue and transported him to the Ministry of Health’s medical outpost in Al-Awda refugee camp. He was then brought to the European Gaza Hospital, where he was pronounced dead at approximately 6:30 pm.

Salameh Salah Ka’abneh

22

On 10 March 2019, the IOF killed Salameh Salah Ka’abneh, a resident of Fasayil village, because he allegedly refused to stop at a checkpoint set up by the Israeli police on Road 90 north of Fasayil village. An Israeli police officer opened fire on and killed Salameh. Two other young passengers, who were also travelling in the car, fled the scene.

Mousa Mohammed Mousa

23

On 11 March 2019, Mousa, a 23-year-old resident of Deir al-Balah, died of wounds sustained while participating in the GRM east of al-Bureij refugee camp in Central Gaza. According to field investigations, at around 4:30 pm on Friday, 10 March 2019, Mousa was shot by the IOF in the stomach while he was about 100 metres away from the fence. He was taken to the Al-Aqsa Martyrs Hospital and immediately admitted to the operating room. Mousa was placed in intensive care until he was pronounced dead by the hospital.

Bassam Sami Safi

22

On 22 February 2019, at around 4:00 pm, a tear gas canister hit Bassam directly in the head while he was participating in the GRM east of Khuza’a in eastern Khan Younes. At the time he was shot, he was standing 150-200 metres away from the fence, among a group of protestors. After he was shot, he was taken to the European Gaza Hospital in Khan Younes, where he was admitted to the intensive care unit due to the critical wounds. The sustained injuries caused a skull fracture and brain haemorrhage. On 11 March 2019, at around 3:50 am, Bassam was pronounced dead.

Mohammed

Jamil Shahin

23

On 12 March 2019, during a raid conducted by the IOF into Salfit city, in occupied West Bank, the IOF shot and killed Mohammed with a live bullet, which went through his chest and heart. Mohammed was with his friends near to the Al-Shuhada’ roundabout, about 150 metres south of the Al-Madina al-Munawwara roundabout. According to Al-Haq’s documentation, Mohammed was standing and watching the protests against the IOF, and he did not participate in the protests.

Yasser Mohammed al-Shuweiki

40

On 12 March 2019, at around 12:40 pm, the IOF opened fire on and killed Yasser, a resident of Hebron city. At the time he was shot, Yasser was inside the settlement compound in Al-Rajabi house, the so-called Beit HaShalom by Israeli settlers, east of Hebron city. The IOF claimed that Al-Shuweiki attempted to carry out a stabbing attack.

Raed Hashem Hamdan and Ziyad Imad al-Nouri

Both are 20 years old

On 19 March 2019, at around 11:07 pm, the IOF shot and killed Raed and Ziyad, who are both residents of Nablus city. Raed and Ziyad had been driving a red Peugeot 106 along a side street connecting Askar al-Balad area in the north, to Amman Street in the south, in the vicinity of Al-Ghawi road junction east of Nablus city. The IOF, who were hiding behind the walls of residential buildings and commercial premises at the entrance to the side street, which leads to Amman Street in the south, shot at the red car. Later, an Israeli military Caterpillar wheel loader dragged, pushed and overturned the red car several times for 20 metres to the north of the shooting site near to Fattoum residential building. According to Al-Haq’s documentation, both of the wounded young men were still inside the car, as this information was confirmed by an eye-witness, who heard them moaning of pain. Then, the wheel loader smashed the car and dragged it back to the south for almost 20 metres. After that, about a dozen soldiers of the IOF opened live fire on the car from a distance of around five metres. Shortly after, the IOF surrounded and directed portable searchlights at the red car. The bodies were taken out, put on the ground, placed in black plastic bags, and transported to a military vehicle. Further, the red car, in which both young men were travelling, was confiscated. The bodies were taken to the Huwwara military camp south of Nablus city, where they kept them until the next day, when they handed over the bodies.

It should be noted that, and on several occasions, an ambulance of the Palestine Red Crescent Society attempted to reach the victims. However, the IOF denied its access, as they also shot at the ambulance, damaging its front end. As they also fired rubber coated metal bullets and tear gas canisters. Further, a white Skoda Fabia car, which was arriving from Al-Far’a area, was targeted by the IOF’s bullets which directly hit the windshield and rear window. The driver of the white car, a Palestinian police officer, was injured by glass shrapnel in the eyes. He was taken to the Rafidia public hospital, and then transferred to the Al-Najah Hospital in Nablus city, due to his critical injury in the retina.

Omar Amin Abu Layla

17

On 1